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Because the art and science of massage is a globally diverse phenomenon, different legal jurisdictions sometimes recognize and license individuals with titles, while other areas do not. Examples are:. In some jurisdictions, practicing without a license is a crime. One such jurisdiction is Washington state , where any health professionals practicing without a license can be issued a fine and charged with a misdemeanor offense.
Massage therapists may obtain a certification with one of the various associations operating. Most types of massage, with the exception of some traditional Chinese medicine , are not regulated in China. Although illegal in China, some of the smaller massage parlors are sometimes linked to the sex industry and the government has taken a number of measures in recent times to curb this.
In a nationwide crackdown known as the yellow sweep "Yellow" in Mandarin Chinese refers to sexual activities or pornographic content , limitations on the design and operation of massage parlors have been placed, going so far as requiring identification from customers who visit massage establishments late at night and logging their visits with the local police.
France requires three years of study and two final exams in order to apply for a license. In Germany, massage is regulated by the government on a federal and national level. Only someone who has completed 3, hours of training theoretical and practical can use the professional title "Masseur und Medizinischer Bademeister" 'Masseur and Medical Spa Therapist'.
This person can prolong his training depending on the length of professional experience to a Physiotherapist 1 year to 18 months additional training. They are trained in Electrotherapy and Hydrotherapy. Hydrotherapy includes Kneipp, Wraps, underwater massage, therapeutic washing, Sauna, and Steambath. A small part of their training will include special forms of massage which are decided by the local college, for example, foot reflex zone massage, Thai Massage, etc. Finally, a graduate is allowed to treat patients under the direction of a doctor.
Graduates are regulated by the professional body which regulates Physiotherapists. This includes restrictions on advertising and the oath of confidentiality to clients. Massage therapy is based on Ayurveda, the ancient medicinal system that evolved around BC. In ayurveda , massage is part of a set of holistic medicinal practices, contrary to the independent massage system popular in some other systems.
In Siddha , Tamil traditional medicine from south India, massage is termed as "Thokkanam" and is classified into nine types, each for a specific variety of diseases. In Japan, shiatsu is regulated but oil massage and Thai massage are not. Prostitution in Japan is not heavily policed, and prostitutes posing as massage therapists in " fashion health " shops and " pink salons " are fairly common in the larger cities. In Myanmar , massage is unregulated. Blind and visually impaired people can become masseurs, but they are not issued licenses.
There are a few professional spa training schools in Myanmar but these training centers are not accredited by the government. In Mexico massage therapists, called sobadores , combine massage using oil or lotion  with a form of acupuncture and faith. In some jurisdictions, prostitution in Mexico is legal, and prostitutes are allowed to sell sexual massages. These businesses are often confined to a specific area of the city, such as the Zona Norte in Tijuana.
In New Zealand, massage is unregulated. There are two levels of registration with Massage New Zealand, the professional body for massage therapists within New Zealand, although neither of these levels are government recognized. Registration at the Certified Massage Therapist level denotes competency in the practice of relaxation massage.
Registration at the Remedial massage therapist denotes competency in the practice of remedial or orthopedic massage. Both levels of registration are defined by agreed minimum competencies and minimum hours. In South Africa, massage is regulated, but enforcement is poor. The qualification includes credits, about 80 case studies, and about hours of community service. In South Korea , blind and visually impaired people can become licensed masseurs. In Thailand , Thai massage is officially listed as one of the branches of traditional Thai medicine , recognized and regulated by the government.
It is considered to be a medical discipline in its own right and is used for the treatment of a wide variety of ailments and conditions. Massage schools, centers, therapists, and practitioners are increasingly regulated by the Ministries of Education and Public Health in Thailand. Therapists with appropriate paperwork and insurance may join the Complementary and Natural Healthcare Council CNHC , a voluntary, government regulated, professional register.
Its key aim is to protect the public. According to research done by the American Massage Therapy Association, as of in the United States, there are between , and , massage therapists and massage school students. If a state does not have any massage laws then a practitioner need not apply for a license with the state. Training programs in the US are typically hours to hours in total training time and can award a certificate, diploma, or degree depending on the particular school.
Forty-three states and the District of Columbia currently offer some type of credential to professionals in the massage and bodywork field—usually licensure, certification or registration. There are two tests available and one can become certified through a portfolio process with equivalent training and experience.
In the US, licensure is the highest level of regulation and this restricts anyone without a license from practicing massage therapy or calling themselves by that protected title. Certification allows only those who meet certain educational criteria to use the protected title and registration only requires a listing of therapists who apply and meet an educational requirement. Licensing requirements vary per state, and often require additional criteria be met in addition to attending an accredited massage therapy school and passing a required state-specified exam basically the certification requirements in many states.
In the US, most certifications are locally based. Some states still do not require a license or a certification, but this is changing as more regulatory bodies governing the profession of massage are established in each state. Some states allow license reciprocity, where licensed massage therapists who relocate can relatively easily obtain a license in their new state.
In there were an estimated million visits to massage therapists in the US. People state that they use massage because they believe that it relieves pain from musculoskeletal injuries and other causes of pain, reduces stress and enhances relaxation , rehabilitates sports injuries, decreases feelings of anxiety and depression, and increases general well-being. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Manipulation of the body through stretching and pressure. For the film, see Full Body Massage.
Play media. Main article: Acupressure. Further information: Aquatic therapy. Main article: Biodynamic massage. Main article: Craniosacral therapy. Main article: Erotic massage. Main article: Lomilomi massage. Main article: Manual lymphatic drainage. Main article: Medical massage. Main article: Structural integration.
Main article: Thai massage. Main article: Traditional Chinese medicine. Main article: Tui na. Main article: Watsu. Company, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing. Retrieved 26 February Healing Arts Press. Medicina Historica. Retrieved 15 August William Morrow and Co. ISBN Archived from the original on 7 August Retrieved 5 August Retrieved 26 September September Retrieved 5 September Gynecology and Obstetrics.
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Aquatic bodywork-water-based therapies are growing in popularity. Massage and Bodywork 20 5 Cengage Learning. Journal of the Society for Integrative Oncology. June Der Hautarzt in German. New York: W. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice.
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Introduction to Massage Therapy Third ed. Archived from the original on 4 September Retrieved 18 October Retrieved 25 December Complementary Therapies in Medicine. Spinal Cord. Bibcode : PLoSO BioMed Research International. Qigong massage: fundamental techniques for health and relaxation , 2nd ed. Ymaa Publication Center. Watsu in aquatic rehabilitation. Comprehensive aquatic therapy, 3rd edition.
Washington State University Press. Watsu: freeing the body in water, 4th edition. Watsu Publishing. Facility design and water management. Watsu pool design and care. Massage For Dummies. Archived from the original on 27 August Retrieved 30 August Frontiers in Physiology. The Journal of Physiology. Journal of the Neurological Sciences. Sleep Medicine Reviews. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Archived from the original on 11 December Retrieved 6 December Massage Therapy Foundation.
Archived from the original PDF on 16 February The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Pain Management. Journal of Applied Physiology. Sports Medicine. Developmental Review. Natural Healers. College of Massage Therapists of British Columbia. Retrieved 13 July The New York Times. The Myanmar Times.
Massage New Zealand. Retrieved 27 April BBC News. Retrieved 5 April Chiangrai Bulletin. Retrieved on 26 August Archived from the original PDF on 21 October Retrieved 17 July Assalamualaikum Wr. Tribun Medan Official. Tribun Jateng. Cerita Kehidupan Plus. Bergabung dengan channel ini untuk mendapatkan akses ke berbagai keuntungan Pijat capek pemijat ganteng gaya hj m! Tribun Manado Official.
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