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Mid 2. Server Mid Macmini4,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Mid Macmini4,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Server Late Macmini3,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Late Macmini3,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Early Macmini3,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Mid Macmini2,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Late Macmini1,1 Upgrade your Mac mini.
Yes 1 No Handoff Support Bluetooth 4. Yes OS X Early Xserve3,1 Upgrade your Xserve. Early Xserve2,1 Upgrade your Xserve. Late Xserve1,1 Upgrade your Xserve. Apple Watch. Sign up for our mailing list and receive special offers created just for OWC subscribers. Keep your FaceTime calls going while simultaneously sharing your whole screen or just a specific app. Collaborate with coworkers, have a game night with friends, or plan your next vacation as a group.
Voice Isolation minimizes background noise and puts your voice front and center. When the music or sounds around you are as important as what you have to say, Wide Spectrum leaves the ambient sound unfiltered. With Voice Isolation, your mic uses machine learning to distinguish each sound it picks up, blocking ambient and distracting noises like dogs barking or a TV in the next room to make sure your voice comes through loud and clear.
Wide Spectrum lets your friends on FaceTime hear any and every sound happening where you are. Make a unique FaceTime web link to easily set up a call for later or share the link with a group. You can also generate a link for an event in Calendar, so everyone will know exactly where and when to meet.
Now the links, images, and other content shared with you in Messages are featured in a new Shared with You section in the corresponding app. Multiple photos in Messages now appear as a collage or an elegant stack of images that you can flip through.
Easily view them all as a grid, reply with a quick Tapback, or save them to your library. Tabs have been combined with the Smart Search field, giving you access to powerful Safari features with the click of a tab. Save and organize your tabs in the way that works best for you. Name your Tab Groups, edit them, and switch between them as you go from one interest to the next.
Tab Groups seamlessly sync across your Apple devices, so you can easily pick back up whenever and wherever you want. Focus helps you stay in the moment when you need to concentrate or step away. Pick from a list of suggested Focus options or create your own.
Add links, Safari highlights, tags, and mentions to a Quick Note, so you can get to important names, numbers, and ideas easily. In supported apps, you can add links to a Quick Note and a thumbnail of your note will always show up there when you go back.
An all-new Activity view lets you see what others have added to your shared note. And you can notify members in shared notes with mentions. Tag a note using the symbol and a keyword you can search, then find it later in the Tag Browser. Move your cursor from your Mac to your iPad, type on your Mac and watch the words show up on your iPad, or even drag and drop content from one Mac to another.
Just put your devices next to each other and move your cursor seamlessly between them. Multiple devices and combinations. Get things done your way. The power of AirPlay comes to Mac. You can also mirror or extend your display to pump up your productivity.
Mac now works as an AirPlay speaker, so you can enjoy high-fidelity sound when you play music or podcasts from another device. It can even function as a secondary speaker to create multiroom audio. Your Mac now lets you interact with text in any image. Click an address and it opens in Maps. Call, message, or save any phone number you see. You can copy and paste just as you would with any other text.
And personal details and information from images never leave your device. Quickly learn more about landmarks, works of art, dog breeds, and more with only a photo or an image you saw online. Automate the things you do most often. Save time by turning something that would take multiple steps into just one, or connecting your go-to apps and services together with the Shortcuts editor. You can run them from your Dock, menu bar, the Finder, Spotlight, or even with Siri. Shortcuts build on the capabilities of the Automator app.
Now you can modernize and convert your existing Automator workflows into shortcuts. Browse through prebuilt shortcuts in the Shortcuts Gallery to find anything from making your own GIFs on the fly to cleaning up your Downloads folder. Creates subfolders within your Downloads folder, separating them into images, audio, and other file types.
Drag and drop an image into this shortcut to immediately send to your favorite group thread. Pick an image, add your text, and you've got your own personalized meme. Apps you frequently use together open side by side with a single click. Building a shortcut is a cinch with the editor. Just click and drag actions into the order you want them, and the editor suggests what action you should add next.
Sharing shortcuts with friends or online communities is as easy as sending a link. And after you receive one, simple prompts help you set permissions that keep you in control of which data is shared when you run it. Explore cities with unprecedented detail for roads, neighborhoods, trees, buildings, and more. Visit amazing 3D landmarks like the Golden Gate Bridge in both the day and dark mode maps. Public transit integration shows nearby stations and transit times and lets you pin favorite routes to the top.
Discover the natural beauty of Earth with a rich and interactive globe. Explore new enhanced details for mountain ranges, deserts, forests, oceans, and more. Control Center lets you find out which apps have access to your mic. Catch up on email with more peace of mind. It ensures that the traffic leaving your device is encrypted and uses two separate internet relays so no one can use your IP address, location, and browsing activity to create a detailed profile about you.
Sound stays fixed to the device even as you move your head. Extend your MacBook battery life with Low Power Mode, which manages energy-intensive apps and processing. It directs power where you need it to get the most out of your battery. Translate text almost anywhere, even in many third party apps.
With Live Text, you can even translate text in photos.
High Sierra macOS Catalina macOS Yes Yes Handoff Support Bluetooth 4. Yes No Handoff Support Bluetooth 4. Late Macmini9,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Late Macmini8,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Late Macmini7,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Late Macmini6,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Server Mid Macmini5,3 Upgrade your Mac mini.
Mid 2. Server Mid Macmini4,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Mid Macmini4,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Server Late Macmini3,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Late Macmini3,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Early Macmini3,1 Upgrade your Mac mini. Apple previewed macOS Apple has released this family of software as a free and open source operating system named Darwin. With its original introduction as Mac OS X, the system brought a number of new capabilities to provide a more stable and reliable platform than its predecessor, the classic Mac OS.
For example, pre-emptive multitasking and memory protection improved the system's ability to run multiple applications simultaneously without them interrupting or corrupting each other. He criticized the case insensitivity of file names, a design made worse when Apple extended the file system to support Unicode. The Darwin subsystem in macOS manages the file system, which includes the Unix permissions layer.
In and , two Macworld editors expressed criticism of the permission scheme; Ted Landau called misconfigured permissions "the most common frustration" in macOS, while Rob Griffiths suggested that some users may even have to reset permissions every day, a process which can take up to 15 minutes. The architecture of macOS incorporates a layered design:  the layered frameworks aid rapid development of applications by providing existing code for common tasks.
For the Mac transition to Intel processors , it was modified so that developers could build their applications as a universal binary , which provides compatibility with both the Intel-based and PowerPC-based Macintosh lines. Since , Apple has promoted its new programming language Swift as the preferred language for software development on Apple platforms. This caused much outcry among existing Mac developers, who threatened to abandon the platform rather than invest in a costly rewrite, and the idea was shelved.
Because macOS is POSIX compliant, many software packages written for the other Unix-like systems including Linux can be recompiled to run on it, including much scientific and technical software. Apple and others have provided versions of the X Window System graphical interface which can allow these applications to run with an approximation of the macOS look-and-feel.
Applications can be distributed to Macs and installed by the user from any source and by any method such as downloading with or without code signing , available via an Apple developer account or through the Mac App Store , a marketplace of software maintained by Apple through a process requiring the company's approval. Apps installed through the Mac App Store run within a sandbox , restricting their ability to exchange information with other applications or modify the core operating system and its features.
This has been cited as an advantage, by allowing users to install apps with confidence that they should not be able to damage their system, but also as a disadvantage due to blocking the Mac App Store's use for professional applications that require elevated privileges.
Apple produces macOS applications. Some are included with macOS and some sold separately. Numerous other developers also offer software for macOS. Tools such as XPostFacto and patches applied to the installation media have been developed by third parties to enable installation of newer versions of macOS on systems not officially supported by Apple. Except for features requiring specific hardware such as graphics acceleration or DVD writing, the operating system offers the same functionality on all supported hardware.
As most Mac hardware components, or components similar to those, since the Intel transition are available for purchase,  some technology-capable groups have developed software to install macOS on non-Apple computers. These are referred to as Hackintoshes , a portmanteau of the words "hack" and "Macintosh". Jobs also confirmed rumors that Apple had versions of Mac OS X running on Intel processors for most of its developmental life.
A new version of Xcode and the underlying command-line compilers supported building universal binaries that would run on either architecture. PowerPC-only software is supported with Apple's official emulation software, Rosetta , though applications eventually had to be rewritten to run properly on the newer versions released for Intel processors. Apple initially encouraged developers to produce universal binaries with support for both PowerPC and Intel.
Plugins for Safari need to be compiled for the same platform as Safari, so when Safari is running on Intel, it requires plug-ins that have been compiled as Intel-only or universal binaries, so PowerPC-only plug-ins will not work. Support for the PowerPC platform was dropped following the transition. Rumors of Apple shifting Macs to the ARM processors used by iOS devices began circulating as early as ,  and ebbed and flowed throughout the s.
Apple officially announced its shift to processors designed in-house on June 22, , at WWDC , with the transition planned to last for two years. One of the major differences between the classic Mac OS and the current macOS was the addition of Aqua , a graphical user interface with water-like elements, in the first major release of Mac OS X. Every window element, text, graphic, or widget is drawn on-screen using spatial anti-aliasing technology.
New interface elements were integrated, including sheets dialog boxes attached to specific windows and drawers, which would slide out and provide options. The use of soft edges, translucent colors, and pinstripes, similar to the hardware design of the first iMacs , brought more texture and color to the user interface when compared to what Mac OS 9 and Mac OS X Server 1. According to Siracusa, the introduction of Aqua and its departure from the then conventional look "hit like a ton of bricks.
To some extent, Apple has used the successful transition to this new design as leverage, at various times threatening legal action against people who make or distribute software with an interface the company says is derived from its copyrighted design. Apple has continued to change aspects of the macOS appearance and design, particularly with tweaks to the appearance of windows and the menu bar.
Since , Apple has sold many of its Mac models with high-resolution Retina displays , and macOS and its APIs have extensive support for resolution-independent development on supporting high-resolution displays. Reviewers have described Apple's support for the technology as superior to that on Windows. The human interface guidelines published by Apple for macOS are followed by many applications, giving them consistent user interface and keyboard shortcuts. The graphics system OpenGL composites windows onto the screen to allow hardware-accelerated drawing.
This technology, introduced in version The Finder is a file browser allowing quick access to all areas of the computer, which has been modified throughout subsequent releases of macOS. It allows for dynamic previews of files, including videos and multi-page documents without opening any other applications.
Spotlight , a file searching technology which has been integrated into the Finder since version Its functions are to instantly display all open windows as thumbnails for easy navigation to different tasks, display all open windows as thumbnails from the current application, and hide all windows to access the desktop. Features introduced in version The operating system then managed conflicting edits and data consistency. In more recent releases, Apple has developed support for emoji characters by including the proprietary Apple Color Emoji font.
There are 39 system languages available in macOS for the user at the moment of installation; the system language is used throughout the entire operating system environment. Until OS X In Mountain Lion and later, this was merged into the Mac App Store application, although the underlying update mechanism remains unchanged and is fundamentally different from the download mechanism used when purchasing an App Store application. In macOS Prior to its release, Mac OS X After the immense buzz surrounding Mac OS X Apple has also registered "Lynx" and "Cougar" as trademarks, though these were allowed to lapse.
The "PB", as it was known, marked the first public availability of the Aqua interface and Apple made many changes to the UI based on customer feedback. It featured increased performance and provided missing features, such as DVD playback.
Apple released It was discovered that the upgrade CDs were full install CDs that could be used with Mac OS 9 systems by removing a specific file; Apple later re-released the CDs in an actual stripped-down format that did not facilitate installation on such systems. Mac OS X v It significantly improved performance and incorporated the most extensive update yet to the user interface. Apple stated that Tiger contained more than new features. The initial release of the Apple TV used a modified version of Tiger with a different graphical interface and fewer applications and services.
This operating system functioned identically on the PowerPC-based Macs and the new Intel-based machines, with the exception of the Intel release lacking support for the Classic environment. It brought more than new features. The single DVD works for all supported Macs including bit machines. New features include a new look, an updated Finder, Time Machine , Spaces , Boot Camp pre-installed,  full support for bit applications including graphical applications , new features in Mail and iChat , and a number of new security features.
Rather than delivering big changes to the appearance and end user functionality like the previous releases of Mac OS X , Snow Leopard focused on "under the hood" changes, increasing the performance, efficiency, and stability of the operating system. For most users, the most noticeable changes were: the disk space that the operating system frees up after a clean install compared to Mac OS X The OS X It brought developments made in Apple's iOS, such as an easily navigable display of installed applications called Launchpad and a greater use of multi-touch gestures, to the Mac.
This release removed Rosetta , making it incompatible with PowerPC applications. Documents auto-save by default. It incorporates some features seen in iOS 5, which include Game Center , support for iMessage in the new Messages messaging application, and Reminders as a to-do list app separate from iCal which is renamed as Calendar, like the iOS app.
It also includes support for storing iWork documents in iCloud. Application pop-ups are now concentrated on the corner of the screen, and the Center itself is pulled from the right side of the screen. Mountain Lion also includes more Chinese features including support for Baidu as an option for Safari search engine, QQ , It was a free upgrade to all users running Snow Leopard or later with a bit Intel processor. It features a redesigned user interface similar to that of iOS 7 , intended to feature a more minimal, text-based 'flat' design, with use of translucency effects and intensely saturated colors.
Similar to Mac OS X Metal also delivers up to 10 times faster draw call performance for more fluid experience in games and pro apps. The major change under the hood is the switch to the Apple File System , optimized for the solid-state storage used in most new Mac computers.
It was the first version to require a GPU that supports Metal. App updates remain in the App Store. Catalina officially dropped support for bit applications. This is the first time the major version number of the operating system has been incremented since the Mac OS X Public Beta in It brings ARM support,  new icons, and aesthetic user interface changes to the system. As of July , macOS is the second-most-active general-purpose desktop client operating system used on the World Wide Web following Microsoft Windows , with a 4.
It is the second-most widely used desktop operating system for web browsing , after Windows, and is estimated at approximately five times the usage of Linux which has 1. Usage share generally continues to shift away from the desktop and toward mobile operating systems such as iOS and Android. In its earlier years, Mac OS X enjoyed a near-absence of the types of malware and spyware that have affected Microsoft Windows users. At first, the malware installer required the user to enter the administrative password, but later versions installed without user input.
Apple announced an OS X update to fix the problem. An estimated , users were affected. As a device company, Apple has mostly promoted macOS to sell Macs, with promotion of macOS updates focused on existing users, promotion at Apple Store and other retail partners, or through events for developers. In larger scale advertising campaigns, Apple specifically promoted macOS as better for handling media and other home-user applications, and comparing Mac OS X especially versions Tiger and Leopard with the heavy criticism Microsoft received for the long-awaited Windows Vista operating system.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Operating system for Apple computers. For other uses, see OSX disambiguation. This article is about the current Apple operating system for Mac computers. For an overview of all Mac operating systems from Apple, see Macintosh operating systems. Screenshot of macOS Monterey version List of languages. System Preferences ARM64 Rhapsody Developer Release Hera Server 1.
Main article: macOS version history. Main article: Architecture of macOS. See also: List of Macintosh software. Afterwards, users could either revert to iChat or upgrade to a newer version of OS X Two minor updates, 1. Otherwise, Mac OS X Main article: Mac transition to Intel processors.
Main article: Mac transition to Apple silicon. Main article: Aqua user interface. Main article: List of macOS components. Old version. Older version, still maintained. Latest version. Latest preview version. Future release. Main article: Mac OS X Main article: OS X Lion. Main article: OS X Mavericks. Main article: OS X Yosemite. Main article: macOS Sierra.
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From the Apple menu in the corner of your screen, choose About This Mac. You should see the macOS name, such as macOS Monterey or macOS. Available on MacBook Pro ( and later), MacBook Air ( and later), iMac ( and later), iMac Pro (), Mac mini ( and later), Mac Pro (). Check out the all-new Mac Studio, MacBook Pro, MacBook Air, iMac, Mac mini, and more.